Transmitter Binding and Model Memory

Let's look at what binding does, what model memory is used for, and examples with an mSR, foam flyer, Spektrum DX-6 and DX-7 transmitters.

This entry is part 2 of 4 in the series RC Transmitters

Original Date posted: January 13, 2010

Let’s look at what binding does, what model memory is used for, and examples with an mSR, foam flyer, Spektrum DX-6 and DX-7 transmitters.

Here’s the video, and the article follows:

What’s Binding?

Binding is the process of linking your receiver and transmitter together. Each transmitter and receiver have their own unique identifier, like a social security number, except without the identity theft issues. We call this a GUID code – Global Unique Identification. The receiver will remember which transmitter it has been bound to, so that the next time you turn both on, the transmitter and receiver automatically set up the channels to communicate with each other. Rebinding the receiver to a different transmitter negates the previous binding.

So, take a look at this stock transmitter that comes with an mSR or Park Zone Micro Mustang. It binds just like a Spektrum DX-6i, but it only has one memory slot to hold one receiver’s unique ID. This means if you wanted to use this transmitter on a different aircraft, you would have to rebind each time you swapped out your airplane or helicopter. It’s very possible however, to take this transmitter and say, bind it to your mCX, like I have here. This is the stock transmitter that came with a P-51D Micro Mustang, and by following the instructions on the back of the transmitter, I’ve bound it to my mCX.

A stock Micro Mustang transmitter bound to a mCX helicopter.

This won’t work for an advanced 6 channel helicopter, but it does work for any of the craft that use the tiny 5-in-1 and similar receiver units that the Park Zone Vapor, mCX, mSR, and Micro Mustang share. So, in theory, you could buy one of those with a stock transmitter, and then purchase the rest without, and rebind each time, reset your trims, and then fly the craft of your choosing. Since you have to re-trim and rebind, however, the stock transmitters really aren’t that great, and sooner or later you’ll want the control and flexibility of a true programmable transmitter.

Model Memory

This is where model memory slots come into play. The more advanced programmable transmitters like this DX-6i generally have ten or more memory slots to bind with (in this case) ten different receivers, one per model memory slot. Each slot has its own unique settings as well. One slot can be set up for a helicopter, while another slot can be used for an airplane. That’s why model memory is so convenient.

The Spektrum DX-6i supports 10 model memory slots.

How exactly do you bind a transmitter with a receiver? Well, there are some differences between vendors, from Spektrum, Futaba, JR, and so on, but the idea is very similar. First, you’ll need an empty model memory slot on your transmitter to store your receiver’s unique ID, so let’s set that up now. We’ll create a memory slot for our Blade mSR on a DX-6i and a foam flyer on our DX-7.

DX-6i Model Memory Creation:

  • We’re creating a memory slot on our DX-6i to hold our mSR.
  • Use model select to find an open model slot. We have an open slot number 8 here, and it’s defaulted to an airplane model.
  • Now click the thumb-wheel again, scroll all the way down and select setup list.
  • Select model type, and choose helicopter.
Changing your model type should be the first thing you do, as transmitters may wipe out any other settings you have for this slot when you change from aircraft to heli or vice versa.
  • Give your model a name. Scroll down to model name, press your button. Scroll through the letters, assign the characters, and then select Ok!
  • Scroll down to Swash Type and make sure you have 1 Servo 90 Degrees selected. This is a requirement when binding the mSR in Helicopter mode.
  • Scroll back up to main, and you’ll see we now have the mSR slot configured. Turn your transmitter off with that model slot selected.

DX-7 Model Memory Slot Creation

  • We’re creating a memory slot on our DX-7 to hold our foam flyer, an example of binding to a larger transmitter you’ll find on a Blade 400, CX3, etc.
  • Hold down your select and scroll down buttons at the same time. This lets you select which model you want to fly. We have a open helicopter slot on 15, so we’ll need to change this.
  • Select and Up buttons take you back to the menu, scroll to ‘Type Select’ and select Acro for Airplane. You’ll have to confirm this with your clear key, as it will wipe out any helicopter related settings you may have had in this slot.
  • Select and Up again, this time scroll to Model Name and give a name to this slot. We’re using ‘FF’ for foamie flyer.
  • Select and Up for the menu again, select model select and you can confirm you’ve now changed your slot to an airplane type with your given slot name.
  • Then hit Select and DOWN to actually select this slot for the transmitter to use. Shut off your transmitter with this slot active, as when you enter bind mode, your transmitter will use this slot to bind with your receiver.

DX6i mSR Binding

Now that you have that completed, you must put your craft into binding mode. Spektrum transmitters usually have two different ways of setting a receiver to binding, and it depends on the size of the receiver. For the small receivers used in the Vapor, Micro Mustang, mCX or mSR, you place your aircraft in bind mode by simply having your transmitter off, then plugging the battery into your aircraft. Since the receiver isn’t detecting it’s currently bound transmitter, it will automatically enter bind mode, with a blinking light which basically means it’s waiting for you to down your drink, walk up to the bar, and ask for its phone number.

The Blade mSR in bind mode. (Watch the video if you need the blinking action.)

Let’s bind our mSR. We have a model memory slot created for it on our DX-6i, and the transmitter was last shut off with that model selected, which is the slot the transmitter will use when binding, so make sure it turns on with our new mSR slot selected. With the mSR in binding mode, hold the ‘training switch’ forward while turning on your transmitter. You’ll see the word BIND flashing in your transmitters display and hear a constant string of beeps. Let go of the training switch, and your transmitter is now in bind mode, just like your receiver. Let a few seconds go by, and you’ll see that the blinking LED on your mSR has turned solid, and your transmitter is now controlling your aircraft.

Hmm, clearly, binding makes me happy.

Remember that when you fly your craft again, you don’t want to enter bind mode every time. Therefore, turn your transmitter on FIRST, make sure you have the right memory slot selected, then turn on your mSR. The same goes for your larger receivers as well. Unless you’re binding, your transmitter is the first item to turn on, and it’s always, regardless of binding, the last thing you turn off.

DX7 Foam Flyer Binding (Larger Receiver)

Larger receivers often require a bind plug to put the receiver into bind mode. Bind plugs are usually shipped with a receiver, and for Spektrum models we place the bind plug in the channel marked ‘BATTERY’, or ‘BATT’ for short. Make sure your transmitter is off, then supply power to your transmitter and you’ll see it’s ready to be bound, and in our case the small LED is blinking rapidly.

Inserting the bind plug into the BATT channel.

Trust us, it’s blinking… and in bind mode.

Now that our receiver is in bind mode, we need to turn on our transmitter in bind mode to talk to the receiver. To do this on the DX-7, push the BIND/RANGE TEST button on the back of your transmitter, then turn your transmitter on. Let go of the bind button (it will flash green), and within a few seconds you should have control of your craft with your transmitter. You can test that generally by moving the aileron and elevator control and see that servos are responding. Remove the bind plug, and power off your unit. You’re now bound… and hopefully not gagging.

We’re bound, and servo arms are responding to controls.

Besides binding different receivers to the same transmitter, you can also bind the same receiver into different model memory slots of your transmitter. In case you’re wondering why we would want to do this, consider the case of these foamie flyers. I may have two different foam flyers I use, and I may only have one receiver available at the time. If I setup two different model memory slots for each craft, I can simply remove it from one craft and put it in another, and all I have to change is which model memory slot my transmitter is using and rebind, so keep those bind plugs handy.

Use multiple memory slots if you move a receiver from one craft to another. You still need to rebind though!

Remember: Unless you’re binding, your transmitter is the first item to turn on, and it’s always, regardless of binding, the last thing you turn off.

Note: HoverAndSmile.com is no more.  The content has been migrated into krystof.io.

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